The mission launched Sept. 8, 2016, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Buy Moon Land and become a Lunar Land Owner today! Geopolitics dictated the decision to treat outer space as being non-appropriable. Was it not Locke's property theory that justified possession over nature and vacant land and eventually led to the colonisation of the Americas? That is, until a few years ago when several new plans were hatched to go back to the moon. Back in the 17th century, natural law theorists such as Hugo Grotius and John Locke argued that property rights exist by virtue of human nature but that they can only have legal force when they are recognised by a sovereign government. There are other companies selling land on the moon as well, but it seems that Lunar Embassy is the first and biggest. Businessman Rajzeev V. Baagree, who purchased five acres of land on the moon for 1,400 rupees (equivalent to US$31 in 2005) per acre, poses next to documents of proof, at his home in Hyderabad, India. Whether you're into mining, energy or tourism, there are lots of reasons to explore space. In particular the Portuguese, the Spanish, the Dutch, the French and the English created huge colonial empires. Join Lunar Land Owners around the world by buying your own acre of lunar land on the Moon. Only less than a century ago, back on Earth, planting a national flag in another part of the world still amounted to claiming that territory for the fatherland. Lunar Land Use is a hot topic in today’s news and we are at the forefront of Moon Ownership and Mineral Rights. LUNAR Land company is the world�s most recognized Celestial Real Estate Agency and has been selling land on the Moon for decades. This is a major debate currently raging in the international community, with no unequivocally accepted solution in sight yet. Most likely, this is the best-known picture of a flag ever taken: Buzz Aldrin standing next to the first U.S. flag planted on the Moon. Here, an international licensing regime was created as well as an international enterprise, which was to mine those resources and generally share the benefits among all countries. Perceiving outer space as a commons was also another way of preventing national sovereignty in space. By that token, the moon became something of a “global commons” legally accessible to all countries – two years prior to the first actual manned moon landing. Geek note: Under the aforementioned Outer Space Treaty, the moon and other celestial bodies such as asteroids, legally speaking, belong in the same basket. On the other hand, countries such as Russia and somewhat less explicitly Brazil and Belgium hold that the moon and asteroids belong to humanity as a whole. Our goal is to assist you in any way possible and our staff is dedicated in helping you in a thorough and timely fashion. They point out that states assume international responsibility for activities in space, whether by national companies or private adventurers, and therefore that the same prohibition extends to the private sector. Please activate cookies in order to turn autoplay off. Image: MoonEstates, switch over to the new version to comment. You can turn into a Lunar Land Owner by acquiring parcels of Land On The Moon. Of course, claiming new national territories had been very much a European habit, applied to non-European parts of the world. Hope says he's sold more than 611 million acres of land on the moon, with about 200 orders coming in daily. The actor’s net worth was around 59 crore INR. You too can become a Lunar Land Owner by purchasing acres of land on the Moon. Contrary to the very optimistic assumptions made at the time, so far humankind has not returned to the moon since 1972, making lunar land rights largely theoretical. Most space lawyers disagree however. 5/25/116 9:27 PM Over 2,000,000+ people from 176 countries around the world own extraterrestrial property. Most importantly, that answer was enshrined in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, to which both the United States and the Soviet Union as well as all other space-faring nations, had become a party. But neither the USSR nor the US was keen to fight out the Cold War on yet another front. It’s a bit like the law of the high seas, which are not under the control of an individual country, but completely open to duly licensed law-abiding fishing operations from any country’s citizens and companies. You too can become a Lunar Land Owner by purchasing acres of land on the Moon. They may also rekindle the realisation that outer space should not become the next playground for conquest. Lunar Land Owner appreciates your interest in LunarLand.com. It had the goal of winning the $30 million Google Lunar X Prize, and of ultimately mining the Moon for natural resources of economic value. Consequently, space entrepreneurs such as Dennis Hope from the Lunar Embassy Corporation seem to think that there is a loophole in Article II which allows private citizens to claim ownership of the moon. This article was originally published on The Conversation. Any suggestion that the moon might become, legally speaking, part of U.S. backwaters might fuel such concerns, and possibly give rise to international disputes harmful to both the U.S. space program and U.S. interests as a whole. Therefore, at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln we will need to teach our students about these issues for many years to come. So while the idea of buying some lunar real estate might be fun, in order for these plots to be recognised as property there needs to be legal recognition by a superior authority such as a nation state. While ultimately it is up to the community of states to determine whether common agreement can be reached on either of the two positions or maybe somewhere in between, it is of crucial importance that agreement can be reached one way or another. Please use the links below in order to contact Lunar Land Owner today. NASA puts the moon’s surface area at 14,647,439.75 square miles (37,936,694.80 square kilometers). Though legal ownership of the moon or Mars is prohibited, the appropriation of material is a whole different matter. Become a Moon Land Owner today! Simon Ennis/New York Times Dennis … The Bollywood Baadshah, who celebrates his birthday today, is the owner of several acres of land on moon. It is true! Other, more famous, landowners on the moon include George H.W. It is true! You have read it right! Bush, Jimmy Carter, Tom Cruise, John Travolta and Nicole Kidman. We need to be clear about the legal validity of extraterrestrial real estate as the same ideas that were once used to justify colonialism are being deployed by governments and galactic entrepreneurs. By 1969, decolonization may have destroyed any notion that non-European parts of the world, though populated, were not civilized and thus justifiably made subject to European sovereignty – however, there was not a single person living on the moon; even life itself was absent. Then, once the fish is in their nets, it is legally theirs to sell. Russia has plans for a manned colony by 2030 and a Japanese firm wants to build a ring of solar panels around the moon and beam energy back to Earth. Lunar Land is the world’s largest most perceived Celestial Real Estate Agency and has been selling land on the Moon for a over 30 years. Professor of Space Law, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Why buy a star name — your Moon Acre gift can be seen almost any night! "As an Indian I feel proud over the successful launch of Chandrayaan-2. After all, if an undersea probe with a TV camera was all that was required to take possession of a (previously owned, earthly) shipwreck, why shouldn't a space probe be enough to take possession of an unowned and unclaimed patch of celestial real estate? Some "pioneers" even believe humanity's survival depends on colonising celestial bodies such as the moon and Mars, both becoming central hubs for our further journey into the cosmos. Back in the late 1990s commercial firm SpaceDev intended to land robotic prospectors on an asteroid to conduct experiments and claim it as private property. It’s a bit like the regime originally established for harvesting mineral resources from the deep seabed. Ownership of land on the moon also gives its owner a … LUNAR LAND company is the world’s most recognized Celestial Real Estate Agency and has been selling land on the Moon for decades. They were determined not to repeat that mistake of the old European colonial powers when it came to deci… To figure out whether "earthly" laws can help decide who owns what in space – or if anything can be owned at all – we must first disentangle sovereignty from property. One of the things that Les found in the early days was … Lots of people would buy lunar land--and, in fact, lots of people have, sort of. LUNAR LAND company is the world’s most recognized Celestial Real Estate Agency and has been selling land on the Moon for decades. As states are not allowed to claim sovereign rights in outer space, landed property on the moon and planets will in all likelihood be outlawed. Legal commentators are hopeful that states will remain loyal to the treaty and refrain from recognising or endorsing a private property claim. If you have a return, please send all your Lunar Land documents back to: LunarLand.com NASA Lunar Sample Return Container with moon soil on display in a vault at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. Richard Garriott has many accomplishments to his name — he's a successful video game developer and one of fewer than 10 private citizens to travel into space. As planned, the spacecraft will reach Bennu in 2018 and return a sample to Earth in 2023. Saskia Vermeylen: As states are not allowed to claim sovereign rights in outer space, land ownership on the moon and planets will in all likelihood be outlawed As per Baagdi’s purchase records, he owns property in the Mer Imbrium region of the Moon, registered at … Lunar Land is one of THE FIRST companies in the world to file … But while their attitude was very Europe-centric, the legal notion that planting a flag was an act of establishing sovereignty quickly stuck and became accepted worldwide as part and parcel of the law of nations. The LUNAR LAND brand has become THE WORLDS LARGEST SPACE REAL ESTATE AGENCY and has been selling moon land for over 30 years. Accretion and Alluvion Where, from natural causes, land forms by imperceptible degrees upon the bank of a river, stream, Case closed, no need for space lawyers anymore then? She receives funding from research councils. More seriously, big corporations, rich entrepreneurs and even US politicians are eyeing up the moon and its untapped resources. In 1974, the US government refused to recognise the exclusive mining rights of Deepsea Ventures to the seabed beyond the limits of national jurisdiction. LUNAR LAND company is the world’s most recognized Celestial Real Estate Agency and has been selling land on the Moon for decades. Lessons have been learned from this omission and the ban was far more explicit in the subsequent Moon Agreement of 1979. Most importantly, that answer was enshrined in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, to which both the United States and the Soviet Union as well as all other space-faring nations, had become a party. When people hear for the first time that I am a lawyer practicing and teaching something called “space law,” the question they ask most frequently, often with a big smile or a twinkle in the eye, is: “So tell me, who owns the moon?”. The company was not able to make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by … Since the beginning of the space race the United States knew that for many people around the world the sight of a U.S. flag on the Moon would raise major political issues. Frans von der Dunk has a consultancy addressing issues of space law and policy. Let's hope that the international community and individual states come to their senses before it's too late and get to sign and ratify the Moon Agreement which might give us a little bit of hope that we can avoid another enclosure movement. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA, We have switched off comments on this old version of the site. Moon Express (MoonEx; vehicle model prefix: MX) is an American privately held early-stage company formed by a group of Silicon Valley and space entrepreneurs. It is a question that will become increasingly relevant as companies seek profits beyond Earth’s atmosphere It has been widely accepted: no one complains the various moon landings or satellites in space have infringed their sovereignty. Did the Stars and Stripes on the moon signify the establishment of an American colony? 1901), L’expertise universitaire, l’exigence journalistique. Martin Juergens from Germany claims that the Moon has belonged to his family since July 15, 1756, when the Prussian king Frederick the Great presented it to his ancestor Aul Juergens as a symbolic gesture of gratitude for services rendered, and decreed that it should pass to the youngest born son. You too can become a Planet Mars Land Owner by purchasing acres of land on Planet Mars from BuyMars.com. You too can become a Lunar Land Owner by purchasing acres of land on the Moon. However, legal commentators disagree over whether this prohibition is also valid for private appropriation. And therefore the potential benefits from commercial exploitation should somehow accrue for humanity as a whole – or at least should be subjected to a presumably rigorous international regime to guarantee humanity-wide benefits. When the US was confronted with this query in the early 1950s, it lobbied for the recognition of outer space as a global commons. Such activities developing without any law that is generally applicable and accepted would be a worst-case scenario. He is the only Indian actor who had bought a piece of land on the moon. Illustration: Nasa, Not recognised by any state. Baagdi had bought lunar land back in 2003 via a US based website called LunarRegistry where he paid 140 USD ( 9,663.85 INR) for the lunar land. Any strip of land, no matter how small, between an upland owner and the body of water deprives the upland owner from riparian or littoral rights. Dennis Hope, owner of Lunar Embassy, says he's sold 500 million acres as "novelties." Countries such as the United States and Luxembourg (as the gateway to the European Union) agree that the moon and asteroids are “global commons,”, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center/ASSOCIATED PRESS, countries such as Russia and somewhat less explicitly Brazil and Belgium. owners. To comment on crosswords, please, A lunar base, as imagined by Nasa in the 1970s. In 2013, Mr. Hope claimed to have sold over 600,000,000 of the Moon's 9,000,000,000 acres. In order to possess something, both mind and body need to be involved. As states are not allowed to claim sovereign rights in outer space, land ownership on the moon and planets will in all likelihood be outlawed, Don't forget to ask for a receipt. He began selling lunar real estate and issuing deeds in 1995 for prices of up to $20/acre (discounts given to those who buy serious acreage). Buy Moon Land? Voir les partenaires de The Conversation France. Obviously, the astronauts had more important things on their mind than contemplating the legal meaning and consequences of that planted flag, but luckily the issue had been taken care of prior to the mission. Forty years later a Nevada entrepreneur says he owns the moon and that he's interim president of the first known galactic government. Without proper regulation, the moon risks becoming an extra-planetary Wild West. Recent conflicts over Ukraine, the South China Sea or Syria have raised talk of a "new era in geopolitics". Martin Juergens from Germany claims that the Moon has belonged to his family since July 15, 1756, when the Prussian king Frederick the Great presented it to his ancestor Aul Juergens as a symbolic gesture of gratitude for services rendered, and decreed that it should pass to the youngest born son. This principle can be found back in Article II of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty which clearly forbids "national appropriation by claims of sovereignty, means of use or occupation by any other means". ***NOTE*** This video was originally uploaded in 2013 but has been unavailable for more than a year! © 2016 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies. They were determined not to repeat that mistake of the old European colonial powers when it came to decide on the legal status of the moon; at least the possibility of a “land grab” in outer space giving rise to another world war was to be avoided. It is true! Some space lawyers have argued for the recognition of real property rights on the basis of jurisdiction rather than territorial sovereignty. Both superpowers agreed that “colonization” on Earth had been responsible for tremendous human suffering and many armed conflicts that had raged over the last centuries. Both superpowers agreed that “colonization” on Earth had been responsible for tremendous human suffering and many armed conflicts that had raged over the last centuries. Read the original article. That’s a mere 0.074 times the size of Earth, but it’s enough to get started with. More recently, entrepreneur Dennis Hope, declared himself to be the owner of the Moon. Still, the simple answer to the question of whether Armstrong and Aldrin by way of their small ceremony did transform the moon, or at least a major part thereof, into U.S. territory turns out to be “no.” They, nor NASA, nor the U.S. government intended the U.S. flag to have that effect. In the midst of the Cold War, this even included scientists from the Soviet Union. I get the uncomfortable feeling of a déjà vu. Buy Moon Land and become a Lunar Land Owner today! Saskia Vermeylen is a senior lecturer at the Lancaster Environment Centre. The Soviet Union was difficult to infiltrate to gather intelligence, so open access to Soviet air space was crucial for the US during the Cold War. The 1967 pact, signed two years before the U.S. moon landing, is an idealistic document that effectively rules out the possibility that a … According to the Lunar Embassy website, you can buy one acre of "prime real estate" on the moon -- with great Earth views -- for just $19.95. If you just simply occupy a place and no one else can access or use it, aren't you the de facto owner? No need for me to prepare University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s space law students for further discussions and disputes on the lunar law, right? It looks like entrepreneurs could claim something like "enterprise rights" that allows them to explore and exploit natural resources in outer space. The project eventually ran out of funds and was shelved, but advocates of such "telepossession" point to cases of salvage companies claiming undersea wrecks as property after exploring them with robots. None of them can become the “territory” of one sovereign state or another. Écrivez un article et rejoignez une communauté de plus de 119 900 universitaires et chercheurs de 3 852 institutions. But all of these arguments are rather theoretical. It is true! So, the U.S. flag was not a manifestation of claiming sovereignty, but of honoring the U.S. taxpayers and engineers who made Armstrong, Aldrin, and third astronaut Michael Collins’ mission possible. Intention alone is not sufficient; possession also requires a physical act. While not a matter of colonization anymore, it may have all the same harmful results. For those who knew their world history, it also rang some alarm bells. You also can turn into a LUNAR LAND OWNER today by acquiring sections of land on the Moon. The difficulty of physically establishing an act of possession on the moon should protect it from private development, but it seems technology is once again outsmarting the law. If there is a precedent, it lies at the bottom of the ocean. In addition at least two U.S. companies, Planetary Resources and Deep Space Industries, which have serious financial backing, have started targeting asteroids for the purpose of mining their mineral resources. Countries such as the United States and Luxembourg (as the gateway to the European Union) agree that the moon and asteroids are “global commons,” which means that each country allows its private entrepreneurs, as long as duly licensed and in compliance with other relevant rules of space law, to go out there and extract what they can, to try and make money with it. Keeping things simple, owner Les Blake began this nursery with the name “Moon Valley Nursery”. If you are looking to buy land on the Moon , or to buy land on Mars , or any planet in our Solar System you have come to the right place! While the legal status of the Moon as a “global commons” accessible to all countries on peaceful missions did not meet any substantial resistance or challenge, the Outer Space Treaty left further details unsettled. The two men carried a plaque that they “came in peace for all mankind,” and of course Neil’s famous words echoed the same sentiment: his “small step for man” was not a “giant leap” for the United States, but “for mankind.” Furthermore, the United States and NASA lived up to their commitment by sharing the moon rocks and other samples of soil from the lunar surface with the rest of the world, whether by giving them away to foreign governments or by allowing scientists from all over the globe to access them for scientific analysis and discussion. Read on to know the details... By HT Correspondent | … However only 16 countries signed the agreement, none of which were involved in manned space exploration, leaving it somewhat meaningless as an international standard. Hope’s second thought landed on the 1967 United Nations Outer Space Treaty in which Article 2 states: All rights reserved. He reportedly used to charge between Rs 5-7 crore for a movie. Yes this is true! Roughly, there are two general interpretations possible. The mission launched Sept. 8, 2016, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station knew their world history, may! One sovereign state or another the size of Earth, but it seems Lunar... Galactic government regulation, the South China Sea or Syria have raised talk of a new... 'S 9,000,000,000 acres over the successful launch of Chandrayaan-2 may have all the same harmful.... Why buy a star name — your Moon Acre gift can be yours for just £16.75 the de Owner! 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