Under the UAE Federal Labor Law, all unresolved employment disputes must be lodged first at the Ministry of Labour office where a settlement is negotiated between employers and workers. [30], Abu Dhabi Judicial Academy was established under Decision No (16) of 2007 issued by His Highness Sheikh Mansour Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Chairman of the Judicial Department, the Academy is an institution of higher education and specialized training that trains the Judicial Authority members on all branches of law and judicial majors.[31]. All decisions of Court of Cassation are final and binding and are not subject to appeal. 1682. The Dubai Courts has launched a new interactive system for case management of the Commercial Court of First Instance, reducing the first hearing date from thirty to nine days. Being the highest judicial instance in the UAE does not mean that it applies to the seven Emirates, Dubai and Ras Al Khayma have their own local judicial system. Court Structure • Although there is a federal court structure with a final court of appeal in Abu Dhabi (the Abu Dhabi Supreme Court), both Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah are not part of the federal judicial system. [3] International law is another source, in compliance with UAE obligations signed in international conventions. The judicial system of the United Arab Emirates is based on the Constitution of the United Arab Emirates. They have jurisdiction over all civil, commercial and labour actions, which do not fall within the jurisdiction of the minor circuits. The direct application of English law makes ADGM the first jurisdiction in the Middle East to adopt a similar approach to that of Singapore and Hong Kong. The aim is to resolve most complaints within 30 days. The department, a sub-branch of the Follow up on Illegals and Foreigners Sector, handles complaints from domestic helpers in Dubai. Checking for court cases filed against a person in the UAE. Originally, the jurisdiction of the DIFC Courts was limited to the geographical area of the DIFC. This publication is not intended to provide legal or other advice and should not be relied upon in that reg… Article 94 of the Constitution stipulates that "justice is the basis of authority".[5]. There are also Labour, and real estate courts that have been created to deal with issues such as minor labour disputes (fair termination etc. [1] allowed the DIFC Courts to hear any local or international cases and to resolve commercial disputes with the consent of all parties. Disputes that fall under the jurisdiction of the Centre are not registered at the courts unless they are submitted first and a referral is issued. The DIFC Courts have no jurisdiction in criminal matters. The primary source of law was Islam along with the unwritten social conventions or "urf". How to file a case against your bank over escalating credit card debt . The legal system of the UAE is based on a dual system of Sharia and civil courts. Litigation is entirely court-driven, and the courts have control over scheduling of hearings, appointment of experts and so on. In 2018, during a television interview lawyer Mukhtar Ghareeb called for an amendment of the law noting that it was "too easy for women to file for divorce". [24], Commercial Compliance and Consumer Protection (CCCP) is part of Dubai's Department of Economic Development. The courts report to the Judicial Council. If it fails, it will issue the employee a letter addressed to the Dubai courts regarding the complaint. 18 of 1993 regarding commercial transactions (text in Arabic) regulates types of cases related to above issues. This system enables effected party to challenge the case and present more evidence within the provisions of the law. those related to the claim and specification of wages and salaries whatever was their value. The major circuit of the Court of First Instance is responsible for hearing cases with a claimed value of more than AED 100,000, while cases below this value are brought before the minor circuit. [18], In Dubai, the General Department of Human Rights at Dubai Police receives individual and collective complaints filed by workers against their employers. The legal systems of the two emirates are different from one another at several levels, but there is at least one important similarity which that of being independent from the federal system, and from the authority of the federal Supreme Court [1], The Dubai court system follows Sharia law principles in matters of marriages, divorces, succession and personal status. The Courts Authority in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is composed of courts of first instance and courts of appeal The Court of Cassation may, upon the recommendation of the Judicial Council, establish specialized courts To consider specific disputes and define their terms of reference, and the court … Unlike the other emirates Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have their own court systems, which are not subject to the federal Supreme Court. The academy offers comprehensive training to UAE legal professionals from all backgrounds and levels, from experienced English language Common Law practitioners through to newly qualified lawyers and those currently operating in the Arabic speaking civil system. Disclaimer: You are using Google Translate. The Courts began operation in 2006. Federal Supreme Court (at the federal level) and the Court of Cassation at the local level of the emirates which have independent judicial departments. Common law principles, such as adopting previous court judgments as legal precedents, are generally not recognized (although judgments delivered by higher courts are usually applied by lower courts). Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have two independent legal systems. The relationship between the two systems is regulated by [&hellip Article 1 of the Law provides that the Law shall apply to all UAE nationals except non-Muslims in which case they shall be governed by special rules relating to their specific creed or sect. "[7], Local courts (First Instance Court) in the UAE basically consider "cases, authentications and all urgent matters related to disputes among the people as well as the safeguard of their rights, security and safety. [20] In 2015, the Crown Prince of Dubai has approved the establishment of the Dubai government staff central grievances committee. Free zones Although the UAE federal constitution permits each emirate to have its own judicial authority, all emirates other than Dubai and Ras Al Khaimah have brought their judicial systems into the UAE Federal Judicial Authority. Common law principles, such as adopting previous court judgments as legal precedents, are generally not recognized (although judgments delivered by higher courts are usually applied by lower courts). It supervises the interpretation of laws and its proper enforcement. Structure of UAE Courts 1 Introduction: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) justice system is composed of two independent entities: the Federal Judiciary, as the UAE 's highest judicial body, and the Emirates level state courts, on the other. [13], In 2016, Ras Al Khaimah courts would now accept English language judgements in dispute resolution services, specifically aimed at business and investments in the region. In a statement, Dubai Public Prosecution said that the new penal order “builds on the success” of the one-day misdemeanor court system which was implemented in 70 percent of minor court cases in 2016. Personal status court handles all family cases related to matters such as marriage, divorce, alimony, guardianship, custody and visitation, proof of maturity, proof of lineage and inheritance. The courts report to the Judicial Council. Hire a lawyer to conduct a check through the court system on possible cases filed against you in the United Arab Emirates. A court fee will also need to be paid. The Family Guidance Section usually handles personal status cases free of charge before they are referred to trial at the Court of First Instance. The legal structure in the UAE runs in two systems: the Federal Judiciary presided by the Federal Supreme Court as the highest judicial authority in the UAE and the local judicial departments at the local government level. [4], The Constitution of the United Arab Emirates, which came into effect on 2 December 1971, dedicates all its fifth Section for the Union legal system. The Federal Supreme Court consists of a President and a maximum number of five judges appointed by a decree issued by the President of the UAE, after approval by the Supreme Council. The Institute of Training and Judicial Studies (ITJS) based in Abu Dhabi was established in December 14, 1992. How to create a webinar that resonates with remote audiences; Dec. 30, 2020. DUBAI COURT HIERARCHY. While every effort is made to provide accurate information, information contained here is provided on an “as is” basis without warranty of any kind, express or implied. 10 of 2014 concerning the Civil Procedural Law, as amended by Law No. Federal Law No. TO GC Talk Series: The UAE Courts System December 2019. The UAE (save for courts established in certain free zones) has a civil law system, and an inquisitorial approach is taken by the bench. Federal Law No. The Federal Supreme Court is the highest federal judicial authority in the country and Abu Dhabi is the seat of federal Supreme Court (Court of Cassation). First created in 1994 as the "Centre for Commercial Conciliation and Arbitration", the current DIAC is non-profit institution located in the Dubai Chamber of Commerce & Industry (DCCI). This system enables effected party to challenge the case and present more evidence within the provisions of the law. In the case of Dubai, the court structure is divided into three Courts that are the UAE Federal Judicial Authority. P.O Box. Under the Constitution of the United Arab Emirates, each Emirate is allowed to either establish its own judiciary or to merge with the federal court system. Model in the federal or local prosecution in each uae court system is not to. [ 8 ], mediation is one of the dispute ) addressed to the Dubai courts the! 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