The Phillies had a 6.5 game lead with two weeks left, but lost 10 in a row to choke miserably down the stretch. South African Christaan Barnard performed the first successful human to human heart transplant in Cape Town on December 3. Ten men stole £2.6 million from a Royal Mail train between Glasgow and London on August 8, now known as the Great Train Robbery. About the Book Author. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in April and Robert F. Kennedy in June. NASA/Neil A. Armstrong/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. During this decade, the United States was rocked by political scandal in the form of What were THREE major sporting events and the dates they took place. ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/1960s-timeline-1779953. Several major events shaped the era: the assassination of U.S. President John F. Source for information on The 1960s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview: U*X*L American Decades dictionary. "JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s." The environmental research ship USS Pueblo, attached to Navy intelligence as a spy ship, was captured by North Korean forces on January 23. In lighter news, on July 9, Andy Warhol exhibited his iconic Campbell's Soup can painting in an exhibition in Los Angeles. The legendary outdoor Woodstock rock concert was held on Max Yasgur's farm, New York, between August 15–18). Apr 8, 1967. Workers building the Berlin Wall, a tangible symbol of the Cold War. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 3 pages. Pictures and Trivia About the Presidents of the United States, Birmingham Campaign: History, Issues, and Legacy, Four Major Civil Rights Speeches and Writings, The 'Big Six' Organizers of the Civil Rights Movement, A List of Holidays of Interest to Black Americans, Rev. The Rev. The centrality of the Declaration of Independence (1776) to the developments of the 1770s is self-evident. On December 1, 1955, African American civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a white passenger. The decade opened with a presidential election that included the first televised debates between the two candidates: John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon. Even when the outcome was not good, these events are very important for everyone in the country. "Star Trek" made its legendary mark on TV, with its first program on September 8. Just one day after managing the Cardinals to the championship, John Keane resigned from St. Louis to take over for Yogi Berra in New York.The collapse of the Philadelphia Phillies kept things interesting in the NL. The biggest event of 1962 was the Cuban Missile Crisis. On March 9, Joseph Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva (Lana Peters) defected to the U.S. and arrived there in April 1967. On June 16, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman launched into space. In Washington DC, Betty Friedan, Shirley Chisholm, Pauli Murray, and Muriel Fox founded the National Organization for Women on June 30. McFadden, Strauss Eddy & Irwin for Desilu Productions/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. The 1960s is known for the major moments that shaped history -- civil rights, Vietnam, the assassinations of Kennedy and King. However, recent evidence suggests that Columbus had already discovered this unknown land in 1492. The 1960s Government, Politics, and Law: OverviewThe decade of the 1960s has been called one of the most turbulent in all of American history. Argentinian physician and revolutionary leader Che Guevara was captured by the Bolivian army on October 8 and executed by firing squad the next day. POLITICS: Power to the People. On September 8, Alfred Hitchcock's landmark movie "Psycho" opened in the theaters to mixed reviews, although it is today considered among Hitchcock's best. On May 8, the first James Bond movie, "Dr. No," hit the theaters. MLK I have a dream speech Martin Luther King gies his famous I jave a Dream speech at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. ... See more Politics timelines. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Civil Rights Leader, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1951 to 1959. By the early 1960s, teenagers were already significantly different to those of a decade ago. Rosenberg, Jennifer. April 17–20. In the 1960 Summer Olympics, Wilma Rudolph won three gold medals in track & field. The first working laser, invented by several physicists over decades of research, was built by Theodore Maiman of the Hughes Research Laboratory in California on May 16th. Three months earlier on May 19, she sang a memorable "Happy Birthday" to JFK. The nation mourned, and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson suddenly became president on that day in November. infographics! On November 29, the Warren Report on the assassination of JFK was issued, naming Lee Harvey Oswald as the lone killer. Nelson Mandela was arrested and at the Rivonia Trial on June 12 he was sentenced to life in prison in South Africa with seven other anti-apartheid activists. On April 12, the ​Soviets launched the Vostok 1, carrying Yuri Gargarin as the first man into space. The March on Washington of May 15 drew 200,000 protesters who witnessed the Rev. He signed momentous legislation that included the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but he also became the target of protesters' wrath for the quagmire in Vietnam, which expanded in the late '60s. During the years 1900 to 1909, over eight million immigrants poured into the United States in search of jobs and opportunity. On the culture front, the news was big: The Beatles arrived in New York City on February 7 and took the U.S. by storm, changing music forever. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback The protest began on December 5, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., then a young local pastor, and was so successful that it was extended indefinitely. John F. Kennedy Inaugaration John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th president of the United States. He was the first African-American justice on the Supreme Court. Swimming Record The first American record in the 100-yard butterfly is set by Mark Spitz at the AAU Indoor Championships in Dallas. Three astronauts—Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger B. Chaffee—were killed during a simulated launch of the first Apollo mission on January 27. Looking back through the annals of history, the 1960s stands out as a highly important decade in American History. The United States has had a lot of positive and negative events in its history. In 1968, the U.S. mourned two more inspirational leaders who were assassinated: the Rev. John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th president. Dr. Martin Luther King's legendary "I Have a Dream" speech, Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali), B.A., History, University of California at Davis. Brandon Huovie - The Outsiders Pre-reading Activity: The 60's Scavenger Hunt, West Orange High, West Orange • BIOLOGY E,G. America was certainly no stranger to political violence, but 1968 appeared to bring the bloodletting to new heights. 105,1, Fairchild Wheeler Interdistrict Magnet School, Georgia Southwestern State University • HIST MISC, Fairchild Wheeler Interdistrict Magnet School • HISTORY MISC, Robert F Kennedy Community High School • HISTORY 134. Construction was completed on the Berlin Wall, sealing off East from West Berlin on August 13. December 14, 1819 - Alabamais the 22nd state admitted to the Union. But by 1963, the civil rights movement was making headlines and the young and vibrant President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, one of the most stunning events of the 20th century. The news of this year made an indelible mark on the nation with the assassination of JFK on November 22 in Dallas while he was visiting on a campaign trip. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/1960s-timeline-1779953. Vietnam was the first war to be videotaped by reporters for the public to see on a daily bases. The Middle East witnessed the Six-Day War (June 5–10) between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The geographic center of the United States is located six and one half miles northwest of Centralia, Illinois. Important Dates In American History. On June 20, the U.S. and Soviet Union agreed to establish a hotline telephone connection between the two countries. The race into space was fueled by the United States' rivalry with the Soviet Union during this era. And on May 25, 1961, JFK gave his "Man on the Moon" speech, setting a new course of discovery for the U.S. and the world. Pro BaseballThe St. Louis Cardinals defeated the New York Yankees in the 1964 World Series. On December 17, the Australian prime minister Harold Holt disappeared while swimming in Cheviot Bay and his body was never found. The 1900s Government, Politics, and Law: OverviewAmerican society was rapidly transforming at the dawn of the new century. In June, LBJ nominated Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court, and on August 30, the Senate confirmed him as an associate justice. In History. War. On September 30, 1966, Nazi Albert Speer was released from Spandau Prison after completing his 20-year sentence for war crimes. From the Boston Tea Party to the shot heard round the world, Washington’s Crossing of the Delaware, and the Valley Forge winter, the American Revolution’s pursuit of liberty was made meaningful by the founding document of the great American experiment in democracy. Also, the first Walmart opened July 2, Johnny Carson began his long run as host of the "Tonight Show" on October 1, and on September 27, 1962, Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" documenting the adverse environmental effects caused indiscriminate pesticide use was published. Alan Shepard became the first American in space in 1961. Rosenberg, Jennifer. The Sixties dominated by the Vietnam War, Civil Rights Protests, the 60s also saw the assassinations of US President John F Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Cuban Missile Crisis, and finally ended on a good note when the first man is landed on the moon. ... See more Politics timelines. JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s. What three events best represent the 1960’s and why? U.S. severs diplomatic relations with Cuba. On April 21, the newly built city of Brasília was founded and Brazil moved its capital there from Rio de Janeiro. At the start of the 1960s, things seemed pretty much like the 1950s: prosperous, calm, and predictable. Hasbro's GI Joe showed up on toy store shelves beginning February 2, and Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) became the heavyweight champion of the world, beating Sonny Liston in six rounds on February 25. The My Lai massacre—in which American soldiers killed nearly all of the people in the Vietnamese village of My Lai on March 16—and the months-long military campaign known as the Tet Offensive (January 30–September 23) topped Vietnam news. He was found guilty on 15 counts on December 12 and executed the following June. On March 1, 1961, President Kennedy founded the Peace Corps, a federal agency designed to give Americans an opportunity to serve their country and the world through volunteer community-based projects. 4. One of the biggest, defining aspects of the 1960s was music. Her subsequent arrest initiated a sustained bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. This timeline offers a sample of newsworthy happenings from the 1960s. Did Tecumseh’s Curse Kill Seven US Presidents? On July 18, SenatorTed Kennedy (D-MA) left the scene of an accident on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, where his campaign worker Mary Jo Kopechne died. Major Events of the 1960s Timeline created by hockeygirlliz. They were all caught and convicted. The black civil rights movement grew in intensity in the 1960's. Mass protests against the draft and the war in Vietnam dominated the nightly news. In the most grisly news of the year, the Manson family killed seven people including five at the home of director Roman Polanski in Benedict Canyon near Hollywood, between August 9–11. The war escalates throughout the 60s with military soldiers being sent in. 1961 January 3. The major events of this year in sport were the Summer Olympics in Rome Italy and the Winter Olympic Games in Squaw Valley USA. 1960s in the United States: 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969. The Rev. On March 6, 1965, two battalions of U.S. Marines waded ashore near Danang, the first wave of sent troops sent by LBJ to Vietnam in what would become a source of division in the U.S. in the decades to come. ThoughtCo. On June 12, civil rights activist Medgar Evers was murdered, and on September 15, the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was fire-bombed by white supremacists, killing four teenage girls and injuring 22 others. Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1965 to 1969, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1960 to 1964, Biography of the Rev. April 1, 1960 - The 1960 census includes a United States population of 179,323,175, an 18.5% increase since 1950. History states that Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci discovered a new land in 1497, and Martin Waldseemüller (famous map-maker) named it America after Vespucci. On November 10, "Sesame Street" came to public television. Dr. Martin Luther King's legendary "I Have a Dream" speech. Between April 17–19, the Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba occurred when about 1,400 Cuban exiles failed to wrest control from Fidel Castro. Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" was published on February 19th, and the first "Dr. Who" episode aired on television on November 23. Surrounded by his children, a survivor of the My Lai Massacre stands in a village near the site of the massacre. In 1963, John Glenn was the first American to orbit the Earth, and in 1969, the crew of Apollo XI became the first men to land on the moon. Three political events that happened and when they started around in the 1960s was the Civil Rights Protest which started on December 1, 1955, the second eventwas when John F. kennedy got shot which was on November 22, 1963, and the last event is The Cuban Missile Crisis which occured on October 16, 1962 – October 28, 1962. The Black Panther Party was founded by Huey Newton, Bobby Seale, and Elbert Howard in Oakland California on October 15. The Sixties: Moments in Time. By 1960, there's a TV in almost every American living room, bringing newly visible images of war, poverty, racism, and nuclear threat. Here are some of the sporting highlights in the world of sport for 1960. But other major events occurred. (2020, August 28). 1960 – U-2 incident, wherein a CIA U-2 spy plane was shot down while … Japan opened its first bullet train (Shinkansen) commuter line on October 1, with trains between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka Station. Riots. Assassinations. "JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s." . Activist Malcolm X was assassinated of February 21, and riots devastated the Watts area of Los Angeles between August 11 and 16, killing 34 and injuring 1,032. August 21. The Prague Spring (January 5–August 21) marked a time of liberalization in Czechoslovakia before the Soviets invaded and removed the leader of the government, Alexander Dubcek. 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