And when we do so, we determine by God’s grace to live righteously, knowing that in so doing we will bring opposition and persecution. And the point is that the saving suffering of His people on the one hand will finally issue in an unsaving suffering to be meted out on the ‘disobedient’. It was to “begin” at the house of God, or be applied to the church first, in order that the nature and worth of religion might be seen. All must pass under God's judgment: God's own household first, their chastisement being here, for which they glorify Him as a proof of their membership in His family, and a pledge of their escape from the end of those whom the last judgment shall find disobedient to the Gospel. With this thought in mind I will ask the reader to see the following passages. In addition, note that Peter didn’t say, ‘for those who do not love God’. They are not an accident but an assurance of His sovereign control. God judges true Christians today by how well they live by His Word, and He will judge those who rise in the second resurrection exactly the same way. Compare also 1 Timothy 3:15 and the note on that verse. CHAPTER 4. If we want to discuss the end time we can use Revelation 11,12, Jeremiah 25, 27, Daniel 7 and 8, but we do not need to drag 1 Peter 4:17 into it. ‘For the time is come for judgment to begin at the house of God: and if it begin first at us, what shall be the end of them that obey not the gospel of God?’. Now, About This one. 1 Peter 4:17 Context. 3 For you have spent enough time in the past “My son”: Paul had led Timothy to Christ during his first missionary journey (1 Cor. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. In our treatment we will consider all the remaining verses of I Peter 1, which includes vv. 1 Peter 4:18 is a quotation from Pr 11:31 LXX: In the Hebrew the saying applies to recompense in this life, but the author uses it of recompense in the last judgment The reference of the section in which 1 Peter 4:18 stands is to the sufferings of Christians, which are regarded as the fiery glow and beginning of judgment. The recipients of the Letter, we must recollect, were Jewish Christians, who were in a two-fold danger—either of relapsing sullenly into Judaism, or of plunging into heathen excesses, like the Nicolaitan school, under the notion that such things could not hurt the spiritually-minded. Observe here, 1. ‘and if it begins with us first’-‘But this fact should not frighten the Christians or cause them to wonder, “Is this what I signed up for?” For if God is hard with the church, how much harder will he be with “those who do not obey the gospel of God?”….The Christians are better off than they appear.’ (Davids pp. bēyt Yahweh) “house of Yahweh” is used to denote the family or people of God, Numbers 12:7; Hosea 8:1. Some say, ‘those who reject God have nothing to fear’. Loving Father, I stand amazed at Your gracious bounty, knowing that You care about both the little things that I need today, as well as the eternal blessings that are being laid up for me in heaven, for which I praise Your holy name, in Christ Jesus I pray, AMEN. — That severe trial which determines character through afflictions and distresses, purifying, as in a furnace, those who endure the test, and overwhelming the wicked with destruction. Living for God - Therefore, since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves also with the same attitude, because whoever suffers in the body is done with sin. Scripture: 1 Peter 1:1–2, 1 Peter 4:7–10. Hence, when he declares that he would rise up to be the judge of the whole world, he adds that this would be after he had completed his work on Mount Sion. It was formerly usual with the Lord, as all the prophets witness, to exhibit the first examples of his chastisements in his own people, as the head of a family corrects his own children rather than those of strangers. ‘what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?’-Points to Note: 1. And if the way of the righteous be so hard, then how hard shall be the end of the ungodly sinner, who walks in sin with delight, and thinks the righteous is a fool for all his pains! ‘If the church, which is ever the object of God’s care, is soon to fall into trial and sore persecution, how much greater must be the misery and wretchedness of those who do not rely on the Lord, and are thus without the comforting assurances of the gospel?’ (Woods p. 119) 2. 1 Peter 2:25 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 2:25, NIV: "For 'you were like sheep going astray,' but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls." 1 Peter 4:17, NASB : "For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?" And that he is thinking specially of unbelieving Jews in this place appears from the context in Ezekiel 9:6 (especially 1 Peter 4:9), where the separation to be effected is not between Jew and Gentile, but between Jew and Jew—those “that sigh and that cry for all the abominations” committed by Israel, and those that commit the abominations. Welcome to Christian Forums, a Christian Forum that recognizes that all Christians are a work in progress. Peter gives two instructions for us to help us when we are persecuted. 1 Peter 4:17-18. 1 Peter 4:18 AND IF IT IS WITH DIFFICULTY THAT THE RIGHTEOUS IS SAVED, WHAT WILL BECOME OF THE GODLESS MAN AND THE SINNER? “Be strong”: Here is the main admonition in the first part of the letter. Praying through 1 Peter 3:3 . However, the Bible shows that Christians are being judged today. Oct 16, 1994. For the time has come for judgment to begin at the house of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the end of those who do not obey the gospel of God? Begin at the house of God.—The phrase contains an obvious reference to Ezekiel 9:6 (comp. v.19: “(you) who suffer according to God’s will”, meaning for the gospel. The apostle does not say, if judgment begin at the temple of idols, but, if it begin at the house of God: God will not spare his house, nor his own household: he will not spare his children or servants when they sin; he is no cockering father, to indulge his children to their ruin. He indeed puts forth his hand indifferently against his own people and against strangers; for we see that both are in common subjected to adversities; and if a comparison be made, he seems in a manner to spare the reprobate, and to be severe towards the elect. Scripture: 1 Peter … vv. * 1 Therefore, since Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same attitude (for whoever suffers in the flesh has broken with sin), 2 so as not to spend what remains of one’s life in the flesh on human desires, but on the will of God. The word is the same which we have noticed several times (see Note on 1 Peter 3:1) as being peculiarly applied to the Jews. What does it mean that “by His stripes we are healed”? Wicked men by persecuting Christians are instrumental in their purification and preparation for heaven; and when they put them to death, they put an end to all their sorrows, and open upon them everlasting joys; while in doing this they ripen themselves for endless woe. Faithfulness is a tough road. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Judgment must begin at the house of God -. Peter may well have in mind here the vivid picture in Ezekiel 9:6 where judgment began at the house of God and then spread outwards from there. He amplifies the consolation, which the goodness of the cause for which we suffer brings to us, while we are afflicted for the name of Christ. There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out fear. God limits the destroyer's temporarily permitted power over His people. The Scriptures however declare that those many are actually wrong (Matthew 7:13-23). ( 1 Corinthians 11:19; 2 Timothy 3:12; Hebrews 12:6-11; James 1:2-4.) to his readers? The judgment here spoken of is thought by many commentators to signify the particular distress which was to happen before Jerusalem should be utterly destroyed. His With us Well, please remain standing as we read God's word. We must not take this verse out of context. Someone whose faith is in the former will interpret the judgment of 1 Peter 4:17 as punishment for Christians. House of God—The us in the next verse, the “spiritual house” of 1 Peter 2:5, the “Church of the living God” of 1 Timothy 3:15, and the “whose house are we” of Hebrews 3:6. Judgment is already begun-the Gospel, as a "two-edged sword," having the double effect of saving some and condemning others-and shall be consummated at the last. (4:19) So it is God's will that we suffer persecution and reviling at the present. We note again the underlying theme of the letter, the purpose of the persecution is to bring into the obedience of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 1:2) those who believe, while the following judgment will then be on those who are disobedient to the Good News from God. Book of 1 Peter - Bible Survey Who was Peter in the Bible? In this verse and the next Peter gave two encouragements in suffering by comparing our suffering as believers with the suffering that unbelievers will experience. Jeremiah 25:15; Jeremiah 25:29; Jeremiah 49:12; Ezekiel 3:16; Amos 3:3. Trusting God does not mean that we wait passively for the world to change. That the Apostle Peter is the author of 1 Peter however, is certain. Compare the notes at 1 Peter 3:14, 1 Peter 3:17.They were to be careful that their sufferings were brought upon them only in consequence of their religion, and not because any crime could be … In the beginning, the New Testament church only had to worry about persecution from religious folk. Another consolation. 1 Peter 2:20. 1 Peter 2:25, ESV: "For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls." 1 Peter 1:17-23 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: • Verses 1-2 open by identifying the author as “Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ”—and the recipients as “the chosen ones who are living as foreigners (exiles) in the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia” (all located in … That obey not the gospel of God?—Rather, that disobey the gospel of God?. In short, God so regulates his judgments in this world, that he fattens the wicked for the day of slaughter. Was Saint Peter the first Pope? 15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters. 24, 25. 1 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To God’s elect, exiles scattered throughout the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia and Bithynia, 2 who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance. The Gospel or Word, which God spake in a Son, succeeds to the law as the expression of the will against which all but the remnant (Ez. l.c.) CHAPTER 4. . [18] They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart. Heaven is their real home. Gospel of God - the God who is to judge them. The First Epistle of Peter, usually referred to simply as First Peter and often written 1 Peter, is a book of the New Testament.The author presents himself as Peter the Apostle.The text of the letter includes a statement that implies that it was written from "Babylon", which is possibly a reference to Rome.The letter is addressed to various churches in Asia Minor suffering religious persecution. 1 Peter calls us to trust in our creator, the judge who is trustworthy and just. ‘the household of God’-Which pictures the church as a family (1 Timothy 3:15). Moreover, Peter took this sentence from the common and constant teaching of Scripture; and this seems more probable to me than that a certain passage, as some think, is referred to. Schoettgen here aptly quotes a passage from the writings of the Rabbis: “Punishments never come into the world unless the wicked are in it; but they do not begin unless they commence first with the righteous.”, And if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? 4:17; 1 Tim. . all that God is for you in Christ explodes with faith, and joy, and love. That is, if the justice of God deal in this manner with his friends whom he loves, much greater will be hereafter the punishments of sinners, and of those who have refused to believe in Christ. 1 Peter 4 - Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; On the Second Sunday after Easter the given text was I Peter 1.3-9 This week’s assigned text covers part of the remainder of I Peter 1, i.e. Christians are given full right to enter the eternal Kingdom (2 Peter 1:11)!!! And (we pray!) Quick outline of 1 Peter. A reason why, under persecution and in all circumstances, they should so conduct themselves as to glorify God. that judgment, &c. Literally of judgment (App-177.) As the end is near, cultivate self-restraint, watchful prayerfulness, charity, hospitality, scriptural speech, ministering to one another according to your several gifts to the glory of God: Rejoicing patience under suffering. 15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters. —The sufferings of the righteous proceed from God’s judgment, for the purpose of chastening, (, with them, for it proceeds onward from them to the wicked. Because it is the season for the Judgment to begin with the house of God. As in human courts, judgment is a process. Us and house of God are used in the same connection which shows who is to receive the jurlgme-nt mentioned; it means the Christians. But rejoice inasmuch as you participate in the sufferings of Christ, so that you may be overjoyed when his glory is revealed. 1 Timothy 3:15. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Peter 1:17-23 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: • Verses 1-2 open by identifying the author as “Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ”—and the recipients as “the chosen ones who are living as foreigners (exiles) in the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia” (all located in Asia Minor—known today as Turkey). Peter also wants his readers to understand the *grac… In context the ‘judgment beginning at (or more literally ‘from’) the house of God’ refers to the persecution that they are undergoing. This book was likely written in the early 60s, and the second book attributed to Peter was probably written a few years later. You should know that many people think they are right with the Lord and even do “religious works” in His name. And if it first begin at us — Who have truly turned to God, and are taken into his favour through Christ, his beloved Son; what shall be the end of them that obey not the gospel of God? 1 Peter: Trials, Holy Living & The Lord's Coming Click chart to enlarge Chart from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Another Chart from Charles Swindoll - click chart on right side. The time has come. How did this teaching of the apostle Paul ever come to be called the Rapture?The answer lies in the word translated "shall be caught up" (Greek harpagésómetha).In Latin, this word is rapere, from which "rapture" is derived.Free of any arcane or mysterious interpretation, it simply means "to be caught up," "snatched," or "seized." 17For the time is come, or, Since also the time is come. -. 2 Timothy 2:1 "Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus." (cf.Ezekiel 7:4, the has come); the slaughter of Israelites who are not marked with Tau, is ordained by the Glory of the God of Israel; the Lord said, and the men began at ( ) the elders who were within in the house. The words, who obey not the gospel of God, properly describe the unbelieving Jews: they were not chargeable with idolatry; they acknowledged, and in a sense worshipped, the true God; but they rejected the gospel which God had revealed by his Son, and therefore the divine wrath was executed upon them in so dreadful a manner. Our hearts are easily deceived and often we are not aware of the dif- ferent levels of deception and … (Witham), 1 Peter 4:17 ‘For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?’, ‘For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God’-The ‘judgment’ under consideration from the context appears to be the severe trials which are coming upon these Christians. What shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? I am writing to God’s chosen people who are living as foreigners in the provinces of Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia. The argument is: “If we, who are the very household of God, must undergo this searching investigation first, what will happen, as the judgment nears its climax, to those who,” &c.? Suffering proves salvation (1 Pet 1:1-12) Therefore: Be holy (1 Pet 1:13–21) Love one another (1 Pet 1:22–25) There is irony here in that the people’s judgment of the church, will bring God’s judgment upon them. 171-172). He therefore passes by their many sins, and, as it were, connives at them. Now the object of this mysterious threat (which is made more terrible by being thrown into the form of a question) is not only to solace the persecuted by the thought of God being their avenger, but to warn them against slipping into the position of those thus threatened. (Job 21:13; Psalms 73:3.) These are his final two commands, but the verses are rich with meaning. See on 1 Thessalonians 2:14-16. 1 Peter 4:17. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. By us here, the apostle meant the Christians of that age, whether formerly Jews or Gentiles; for they appear to have been now persecuted generally everywhere. Scripture: 1 John 4:17–19 Topic: Fear & Anxiety In this is love perfected with us, that we may have confidence for the day of judgment, because as he is so are we in this world. 1 Peter 4:12-19 NIV Dear friends, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal that has come on you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. The reason lies in the thought that the judgment by which God is to search all is already on the wing. Hence the word refers to the persecutions that God will let come on His people in this life, to test their faith whether they are genuine children of God. There seems to be an allusion in this passage to Ezekiel 9:6, and Jeremiah 25:29. But Josephus tells us no Christian Jew was in Jerusalem when it was destroyed (see note on Matthew 24:21). 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