In: Checklist of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America [ed. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 7:24-29. 28 (2), 221-224. Texas Parks and Wildlife state government departmental website. Females are generally less colourful than males (Page and Burr, 1991). Descriptions of new species of fishes collected in Texas, New Mexico and Sonora, by Mr John H Clark, on the US and Mexican Boundary Survey, and in Texas by Capt Stewart Van Vliet, USA. Fishers get chance to combat invasive species at New Orleans City Park fishing rodeo Saturday. 432 pp. by Reis RE, Kullander SO, Ferraris Jr CJ]. Introduced to the northern Gulf and both coasts of Florida, also Puerto Rico. There are a number of small black spots on the base of the caudal fin and alongside the middle, the rear half of the body. Minimum temperature tolerances for fishes of the genera Signalosa and Herichthys in Texas. Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the Neotropical Region. Courtenay WR Jr; Sahlman HF; Miley WM, 1974. Its morphology and colour pattern vary greatly across its natural and introduced range (Miller et al., 2005). (2011) who conducted interspecific behavioural experiments to examine potential agonistic interactions between H. cyanoguttatus and the US native centrarchid bluegill Lepomis macrochirus. Itzkowitz M; Nyby J, 1982. Grey-brown; head, body & fins with many small, blue spots; a row of dark spots along mid-flank, typically one at mid-body, another on tail fin base, sometimes several more between those; body with up to 8 indistinct dark bars, those on rear half of body darker; no stripe along mid-side; sometimes a black spot on middle of spiny dorsal fin. Physiological effects of saline waters on zander. This process continued until 2500-3000 eggs had been laid and fertilized. Cichlids are superficially similar to North American native sunfishes (Lepomis spp.) Seriously Fish. Like cichlids from the genus Pterophyllum (angelfish), all Symphysodon species have a laterally compressed body shape. A large number are also established in an isolated population in Port Sulphur, Plaquemines Parish, 50 miles southeast of New Orleans (OT Lorenz, Georgia Southwestern State University, USA, personal communication, 2015). Moravec F, 1998. Lorenz (2008) confirmed that H. cyanoguttatus will occur in elevated salinities in estuarine conditions in Lake Pontchartrain in New Orleans. Low water temperatures probably restrict the northern spread of H. cyanoguttatus in the USA. USA: TFH Publications Inc. Courtenay WR Jr; Deacon JE, 1983. In reviewing the systematics of these fishes in MPxico, we have encountered two undescribed Atlantic-slope species that inhabit the upper Rio … These common names may refer to colour variants of H. cyanoguttatus as well as to hybrids and entirely different species. These little monsters are harmless, but you will freak out over them. Rio Grande leopard frogs may breed all year round with warm temperatures and sufficient rainfall. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 31(2):754-764. There are reports that H. cyanoguttatus may have been accidentally introduced from resident ornamental fish farms in Hillsborough County, Florida, USA, in the 1940s and 1950s due to flooding (Courtenay and Hensley, 1979; Conkel, 1993). H. cyanoguttatus is a popular ornamental species with nonindigenous populations occurring in a number of US states yet, with the exception of the work undertaken by Lorenz (2008), little research has been conducted on potential ecological impacts of introduced populations. Lorenz (2008) reported that salinities up to 16 ppt had no significant effect on the growth of H. cyanoguttatus. No longer present; First reported: mid 1980s, Collected from bayous and canals in the New Orleans metropolitan area as well as isolated specimens in other areas; First reported: 1990s, Found in a reservoir south of Lincoln in the Salt River drainage. God forgive me a sinner. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Report Submitted to National Fishery Research Laboratory, U.S. Serum samples were obtained by the method of Koehn (1969). Florida, USA: US Geological Survey. Comment by 10.5" RES Sharon on January 22, 2011 at 9:05am Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum (Baird and Girard) Rio Grand Perch. There is one nostril opening on each side of the head and an interrupted lateral line (Itzkowitz and Nyby, 1982) that is doubled for a short distance on the caudal peduncle (Tomelleri and Eberle, 1990). Salgado-Maldonado et al. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. No longer present, Native to the lower Rio Grande drainage; introduced to many other areas of Texas, Introduced to the Rio Verde basin (La Media Luna region), Recorded from the Loíza Reservoir in 2006-2007, Native Texas specimens officially translocated and introduced to other drainages in Texas as early as 1928. (2002) found that H. cyanoguttatus was host to many parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.) FishBase. The juveniles have an iridescent pearl-gray body with white dots on the body and fins. Of particular note is the aggressive behaviour of the species as territories are established on the substrate and defended against all intruders. Synonymy Rio Grande cichlid . An annotated checklist of freshwater fishes of Texas, with key to identification of species, 43(4):1-56. Range time to hatching 1.5 to 3 weeks; Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female) 2 to 3.5 years Water may be clear to turbid in depths to 2.75 m, usually 1.5 m or less (Miller et al., 2005). However these populations may now be extirpated. Cichlids are primarily freshwater fishes and are found in tropical America, mainland Africa and Madagascar, and southern Asia. http://www.fishbase.org. Atlas de los helmintos parasitos de ciclidos de Mexico (Atlas helminth parasites cichlids Mexico), 27. In: Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America, [ed. Brown JA; Moore WM; Quabius ES, 2001. Birkhead WS, 1980. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 18(1):115-127. It has also been introduced into the Concho, Nueces, lower Brazos, San Marcos Rivers, Town Lake Reservoir (in southeast Austin), Lake Houston, West Matagorda Bay, Simms Bayou and Cibolo drainages (Hubbs et al., 1991; Nico et al., 2015). Copeia, 1951(4):297. The Rio Grande Cichlid (Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum) is a moderately sized species of freshwater fish that occurs in the Rio Grande and Pecos River basins of west central Texas. In an artificial aquarium environment, Fontaine (1938) observed spawning of the species and noted that the female would swim over the cleaned nest and expel 1-5 eggs at a time followed by the male. www.fishesoftexas.org. Introduced on Edwards Plateau of central Texas and central peninsular Florida, USA, and Verde River basin (La Media Luna region), Mexico (Ref. http://nas.er.usgs.gov/default.aspx. Field observations of parental behavior of the Texas cichlid Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum. Herichthys cyanoguttatus Baird & Girard, 1854. Introduced populations of H. cyanoguttatus occur in estuarine environments in the New Orleans area (Lake Pontchartrain) of Louisiana. Regan CT, 1905. Berg W, 2010. Both parents are active in guarding the eggs and fry though the male and female alternate in the performance of parental responsibilities. (Baird and Girard 1854). New Orleans, USA: University of New Orleans. Darnell RM, 1962. Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the Neotropical Region, 464 pp. (Centrarchidae). Fly Fishing; Species Weight Length Date Angler Bait or Lure; Cichlid, Rio Grande: 0.90: 9.75: Jul 29, 2018: Jamie Meaux: crawfish briminator : Sunfish, Hybrid Green Salgado-Maldonado G; Cabañas-Carranza G; Soto-Galera E; Pineda-López RF; Caspeta-Mandujano JM; Aguilar-Castellanos E; Mercado-Silva N, 2004. This current revision, which includes H. cyanoguttatus, is considered monophyletic (Hulsey et al., 2004). Images of H. cyanoguttatus may be viewed at Hendrickson and Cohen (2012), Froese and Pauly (2015). These authors concluded that these behaviours may suggest a mechanism for the continued range expansion of H. cyanoguttatus in Louisiana, USA. The Aquarium, 7(8):128-130. Its wide environmental tolerances, ability to colonize disturbed habitats, trophic opportunism, fast growth rates and advanced parental care of offspring have enabled it to establish oustide its native range. There are several small black spots at the base of the caudal fin and along the middle, rear half of the body. Lorenz (2008) stated that the species was further dispersed in bayous in the New Orleans area in Louisiana by hurricane Katrina during 2005. Southwestern Naturalist. Kullander SO, 2003. Texas Journal of Science, 5:245-251. Porto Alegre, Brasil: EDIPUCRS. Cichlids may be distinguished from centrarchids by the single nostril opening on each side of the head (compared with two openings in centrarchids) and the presence of a discontinuous or two-part lateral line (continuous in centrarchids) (Itzkowitz and Nyby, 1982; Nico et al., 2015). Parental care of offspring exhibited by cichlid fishes greatly increases offspring survival rates. Lower lethal temperatures for 14 non-native fishes in Florida. Porto Alegre, Brasil: EDIPUCRS. compared to the closely related monogamous Rio Grande cichlid, H. cyanoguttatus, males of H. minck-leyi were present at their nests less often and performed lower rates of aggressive offspring defense, and females compensated for the absence of their mates by performing higher levels of offspring defense. The temperature tolerance of H. cyanoguttatus goes below 7°C in outdoor artificial ponds and it can be active at 10°C (Lorenz, unpublished data). The name 'red Texas cichlid' is chiefly used to describe a hybrid between H. cyanoguttatus and another cichlid species (Berg, 2010). There are numerous small white to blue spots on blue-green or grey sides. Mire (2001, referenced in Lorenz, 2008) recorded that agonistic behaviour of H. cyanoguttatus may cause the reproductive failure of native sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus) in experimental pools. Since about 1995, the Rio Grande cichlid is becoming more common in the waters in and around New Orleans. The species matures at approximately 100 mm standard length (SL), after one year of growth (Buchanan, 1971). it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Sport (hunting, shooting, fishing, racing), Meat/fat/offal/blood/bone (whole, cut, fresh, frozen, canned, cured, processed or smoked). Its main body color can be pale light brown to dark blue or almost purple and changes with its mood or during mating season. Regan (1905) subsumed Herichthys into the large genus Cichlasoma until Kullander (1983) restricted the latter genus to only South American cichlid species. Itzkowitz and Nyby (1982) reports that established pairs will travel up to 3 m to harass newly formed pairs/conspecifics. In: Atlas of North American freshwater fishes [ed. Lee DS; Gilbert CR; Hocutt CH; Jenkins RE; McAllister DE; Stauffer JRJr, 1980. Adults are dusky to olive above with 4-6 dark blotches (1st blotch most prominent) along the rear half of the body and a black blotch on caudal fin base. Despite being known for its violent temper it attracts a lot of admirers, mainly because of its bright colors. Laboratory intraspecific behavioural studies have shown that H. cyanoguttatus is aggressive as an invader into the territory of heterospecifics, and also as a territorial holder or resident (Turner, 1994, Draud et al., 2004). Breeding adults have a white head and front half of the body, and the rear half of the body, particularly the ventral surface, is black (Page and Burr, 1991; Berg, 2010). Potential ecological impacts upon endemic fish fauna may include resource competition and predation, and predation of aquatic invertebrate communities. There is a black dot at the base of the caudal fin and one in the center of the body. H. cyanoguttatus is a moderately popular ornamental fish species maintained by hobbyists worldwide. http://nas.er.usgs.gov/default.aspx. Pair formation occurs before territory establishment and pairs will actively defend their territory to defend the eggs and fry. > 0°C, dry winters), Salinities of up to 16 ppt had no significant effect on growth in the laboratory therefore short/long term tolerance is likely to be higher (Lorenz, 2008), Lower lethal temperature of 5°C recorded in laboratory (Shafland and Pestrak, 1982), Herichthys cyanoguttatus Baird and Girard, 1854, Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum Baird and Girard, 1854, Herichthys cyanoguttatum Baird and Girard, 1854, Parapetenia cyanostigma Hernandez-Rolon, 1990, Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Benefits from human association (i.e. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 23(4):537-544. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. 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